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  •   State: 
    30°11' N to 35° N | 84°53' W to 88°28' W
      Area total: 
    52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²) [33,549,468.160 acres]
      Area land: 
    50,744 sq mi (131,426 km²) [32,414,433.920 acres]
      Area water: 
    3.2% = 1,675 sq mi (4,338 km²) [1,135,034.240 acres]
    2,413 ft (735.5 m) Cheaha Mountain
    December 14, 1819 (22nd State in the Union)
      Capital seat: 


  • Alabama, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    99.1/sq mi (38.4/km²) - residents per square mile of area.
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 
    $277,817 (2022) nominal GDP at current prices 2022 (millions of U.S. dollars). This is equivalent to 1.08% of the U.S. national real gross domestic product (GDP) in 2022, or 1.09% from 2021.  8.9% change in GDP from 2022 to 2021 =  23,707. Real GDP growth rate (2021–2022) =  4.1%. Nominal GDP per capita 2022 = $54,753 respectively per capita 2023 = $56,897.
      Housing units: 
    2,339,582 units, July 1, 2022 estimate = a 2.2% increase compared to 2020, specifically 51,248 more housing units.

Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U.S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state. Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is also known as the "Heart of Dixie" and the "Cotton State". The state tree is the longleaf pine, and the state flower is the camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery. The largest city by population is Birmingham, which has long been the most industrialized city; the largest city by land area is Huntsville. The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists in 1702 as the capital of French Louisiana.

Alabama is located in the south-eastern part of USA flanked with Florida from south, Georgia from east, Tennessee from north, and Mississippi from west. However, south-west part of Alabama makes coastline with Gulf of Mexico. There is interesting unofficial nickname that most of the Americans love to call i.e. Yellowhammer state after the state bird. The capital city of Alabama is Montgomery, but the largest city in terms of population is Birmingham and the largest city in terms total land area is Huntsville. Mobile is the oldest city that had been founded by French colonists.

The state has 30th rank in total land area and 23rd in terms of population among the all states of USA. Its geographical position facilitates humid subtropical climate. With the close proximity with Gulf of Mexico, the southern region of state more frequently faces fatal hurricane and tropical storm.

The Alabama state is quite developed. Its economy is largely depending upon the agriculture, and primary and secondary activities. The railways and roadways are fairly developed as shown on the given Alabama state map that connects every city of Alabama and also with the cities of neighboring states.

Every family needs to visit the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute in their lifetime. Recommended for families with teens, the museum tells the story of America's Civil Rights Movement through interactive displays, videos and artifacts. Among the exhibits is a recreation of the prison cell from which Martin Luther King Jr. penned the famous "Letter from Birmingham Jail." The two important rivers i.e. Mississippi and Tennessee flow though the state. The well managed water system supports the agriculture and fulfills other water requirements of the state.

The US State Alabama occupies 131,173 m², about 1,43 % of the total territory of the USA of 9,148,020 m². The total population of the US State Alabama with 4,874,747 inhabitants (in 2017) has already increased by 9,62 % in this millennium. Almost 40 years ago there were 980,859 fewer people. The capital Montgomery alone has 197,337 inhabitants.

Montgomery is the site of many landmark civil rights events, like the Montgomery bus boycotts throughout 1955 and 1956 and the Selma-to-Montgomery March for voting rights in 1965. The nation’s oldest baseball field, Rickwood Field, which opened in 1910, is located in Birmingham.

Alabama is the thirtieth-largest state in the United States with 52,419 square miles (135,760 km²) of total area: 3.2% of the area is water, making Alabama 23rd in the amount of surface water, also giving it the second-largest inland waterway system in the United States. About three-fifths of the land area is a gentle plain with a general descent towards the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico. The North Alabama region is mostly mountainous, with the Tennessee River cutting a large valley and creating numerous creeks, streams, rivers, mountains, and lakes. Alabama is bordered by the states of Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama has coastline at the Gulf of Mexico, in the extreme southern edge of the state. The state ranges in elevation from sea level at Mobile Bay to over 1,800 feet (550 m) in the Appalachian Mountains in the northeast.

Alabama is known under different nicknames; aka Alabama the Beautiful, or Cotton Plantation State, or Cotton State, or Heart of Dixie (used on license plates), or Lizard State, or Sweet Home Alabama, or Yellowhammer State and detailed official information about Alabama can be found on the homepage at

Poverty and median household income estimates for 2021 in Alabama, AL about 800,848 individuals poverty estimate - all ages, it's 16.3% estimated percent of the total resident population of all ages in poverty: U.S. Census Bureau, Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) Program Release date: December 2022. SNAP is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, and was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program. Estimated SNAP benefits recipients in Alabama are about 765,438 individuals, for July of the reference year 2020. With a estimate of median household income = $53,990 by each individual family, with a 90% confidence interval lower bound of estimate of median household income = $53,218, with a 90% confidence interval upper bound of estimate of median household income = $54,762 in 2021.

The Air Quality index is in Alabama = 62.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 76. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 89. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Alabama = 5.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.

The annual rainfall in Alabama = 56 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.9 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 104. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 213. 91 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 34.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 30, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

The most recent state population of 5,039,877 individuals with a median age of 37.4 age the population grows by 5.05% in Alabama population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 99.1/sq mi (38.4/km²) - residents per square mile of area.. There are average 2.44 people per household in the 1,867,713 households with an average household income of $52,000 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.70% of the available work force and has dropped -8.79% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 11.72%. The number of physicians in Alabama per 100,000 population = 178.1.

The percentage of housing units in Alabama which are owned by the occupant = 63.62%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 29 years with median home cost = $110,190 and home appreciation of -2.95%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $3.40 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

The local school district spends $4,418 per student. There are 15.6 students for each teacher in the school, 361 students for each Librarian and 402 students for each Counselor. 5.43% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 12.73% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.12% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Alabama's population of 996,992 residents in 1870 has increased 2,75-fold to 5,024,279 residents after 150 years, according to the official 2020 census. U.S. Bureau of the Census beginning in 1900. Data for 1870-1890 are on a de facto or unspecified basis; data for 1900 and later years are resident totals.

    Approximately 51.53% female residents and 48.47% male residents live in Alabama, USA.

    As of 2020, 58.70% in Alabama are married and the remaining 41.30% are single population.

  • 26.6 minutes is the average time that residents in Alabama require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    83.71% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 12.14% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.46% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.12% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Alabama, 63.62% are owner-occupied homes, another 13.02% are rented apartments, and the remaining 23.36% are vacant.

  • 52.65% of the population in Alabama who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

    Since the 1860s, the two main parties have been the Republican Party (here in 2022 = 60.320%) and the Democratic Party (here in 2022 = 38.740%) of those eligible to vote in Alabama.

Skyline of Alabama

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1783 Counties
3583 Cities

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Landscape of Alabama